TERMS OF REFERENCE: EXPERIENCES OF THE STREAM ECONOMIC STRENGTHENING INTERVENTIONS ON TARGET COMMUNITIES RESILIENCE BUILDING IN LOWER JUBA SOMALIA
Organization: Adeso – African Development Solutions,www.adesoafrica.org
and the Somalia Resilience Action Consortium (STREAM Consortium)
Project: Building Resilience Through Social Safety Nets in South-Central Somalia Program (SSNP)
Position Type: Short-Term Consultancy
Study Topic: Experiences of The STREAM Economic Strengthening Interventions on Resilience Building in Lower Juba Somalia
Position Location: Lower Juba (Kismayo, Dhobley and Afmadow) – Somalia
Duration: Thirty (30) Days
Reporting To: Consortium M&E Coordinator
Working With: STREAM Consortium Secretariat, ACTED, SADO and Adeso and M&E Units
Starting Date: Immediately
Application Deadline:30th January, 2019
Vacancy Contact: Please send applications email@example.com, Adeso will only respond to short-listed applicants.
BACKGROUND AND INTRODUCTION
The Somalia Resilience Action (STREAM) Consortium, established in early 2013 is comprised of Adeso, ACTED (and SADO as its implementing partner). The consortium aims to provide a sustainable opportunity for resilience building for communities chronically affected by food insecurity and humanitarian crises in Lower Juba. The consortium is implementing a three-year project –Building Resilience through Social Safety Nets in South-Central Somalia’running through to June 2019 (inclusive of the No Cost Extension period).
Targeted communities are benefitting through the delivery of predictable and regular cash transfers to vulnerable households, investment in diverse livelihood bases and the provision of support for community led disaster preparedness, early warning and timely response systems.
Building Resilience through Social Safety Nets in South-Central Somalia is designed to provide opportunities to communities in Kismayo, Afmadow and Dhobley areas of Lower Juba region to become more resilient and subsequently bounce back and build their livelihood sources that were chronically affected by natural and man-made shocks such as drought, flood and conflict/ security.
Towards this objective; the project is designed to provide multiple opportunities and platforms to achieve resilience in the face of these shocks through layering of interventions around social safety net, livelihood diversification, early warning, disaster preparation and response as well supported by an intentional social protection system manifested through regular and predictable cash transfers; activities which are collaboratively delivered with the Government of Jubaland. Further and worth to note is the fact that this transformative process is catalyzed and/or part driven by the beneficiary savings – a culture whose adoption the project has intentionally supported.
Specifically, the project envisages improved household incomes, livelihood assets and community risk mitigation capacity for 5000 HHs direct beneficiaries as well as the wider community population of 15000 HHS.
The exact structure of project support to this population through singular and/or multiple interventions is presented in the table below.
Result 1: Unconditional Cash transfers
5,000 HHs (2,000 HHs in Kismayo, 1,500 HHs in Dhobley, 1,500 HHs in Afmadow)
Result 2: Strengthened and diversified livelihoods
1,440 HHs (690 HHs in Kismayo by ACTED/SADO and 750 HHs Dhobley and Afmadow each 375 by Adeso) They are a portion of the 5,000 households receiving support through cash transfers in Result 1 and some others)
Result 3: DRR & EWS
15,000 HHs (total community population)
Result 4: Research
Target communities 15,000 and Relevant stakeholders
In a previous study conducted by STREAM on the cash transfers component of its resilience program, there was a positive correlation found between the social safety net programme delivery and livelihood improvement among the target population. This study also revealed that the path towards more resilience building can be accelerated through longer term, sustained and predictable unconditional cash transfers.
Further information on the livelihood and community risk reduction components of the resilience program is needed in order to better understand the model of implementing a resilience program using a social safety nets approach. This proposed study serves to explore the extent the livelihood and Community Disaster Risk Reduction components of the project has contributed to strengthening of the economic opportunities among the target beneficiaries/ locality. Indeed, this study serves to review the extent of progress made towards more resilient communities as a consequence of the implementation of the Livelihood diversification component of the Building Resilience through Social Safety Nets Program in the past three years.
PURPOSE AND SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of the study is to determine the extent to which STREAM economic strengthening interventions (through different components mentioned above) have contributed to improving the economic status of the vulnerable communities of Lower Juba, Somalia. The study specifically seeks to review the extent of realization of the program results as envisaged at design that can be attributed to the project’s economic strengthening activities.
Key Assessment Questions include but are not limited to (nor bulleted in order of relevance or importance):
- How have the livelihood diversification interventions and the community disaster reduction interventions demonstrated absorptive capacities and protected poor households from shocks?
- How have the livelihood diversification interventions and the community disaster reduction interventions demonstrated adaptive capacities and contributed to the negative coping mechanisms?
- How has the market been impacted by the value chains being supported directly by STREAM such as Fishery value chains and Milk value chains. Are there other value chains that may have been impacted in directly?
- To what extent is the market chain between Kismayo and Kenya border exploited at the cost of the wellbeing of the beneficiaries? What opportunities can they tap?
- Who are the private actors that can support the existing business opportunities? And how are they involved in the strengthening of the economic opportunities in the target areas?
- What are the major opportunities/ barriers associated with the access of services of these private actors and to the extent would their services/goods boost the livelihood/income of these communities?
- What has changed with the activated services (Livelihood diversification and Community Disaster Risk Reduction) in the targeted project communities include but not limited to:
· Social cohesion,
· Household decision making process and,
· Gender (the role and impact of including female household heads in resilience
· Education uptake
· Health uptake
· Other essential services (name them)
- How much have these changes weighed on the community in economic terms?
- What is the place of the savings culture in the economic empowerment process and how do the various savings models compare in their contribution towards resilient communities?
- How do the group-based business enterprises compare with the individual-based businesses?
- Whether or not the project beneficiaries feel that their economic wellbeing has improved. If so, how do they measure this improvement?
- What are the enabling factors for economic strengthening groups along the graduation ladder? (Also compare pure social safety net and Social safety net Plus to give a projection of how long can households take to graduate).
- What does it take to graduate from receiving resilience-based interventions on STREAM experiences?
- Why do certain people / groups thrive up the ladder and other do not?
- What is the effect of intervention layering on economic advancement along the graduation ladder?
- To what extent does the engagement with Ayuuto, AMAL Bank and upcoming financial institutions promise to improve the financial inclusion of vulnerable communities?
- What are the major barriers to the financial inclusion from the perspective of the banks/ communities?
The study will be conducted by an external consultant who will develop and define the methodology and selection of parties to be interviewed. The consultant will produce an inception report, containing an overview of their understanding of the study, planned work, suggested methods and potential interviewees as well as any parties they see fit to engage, to be approved by the consortium advisors.
In order to provide a comprehensive study, it is expected that the firm will use a balanced range of qualitative and quantitative methods.
With the facilitation of STREAM Consortium coordinator and consortium advisors, the consultant will develop a participatory design where the main project stakeholders will be involved to give their inputs and views in the research process.
The data collection tools to be used should capture crosscutting issues particularly gender, environment and accountability, to their best possible extent. The tools developed will be pre-tested to ensure that enumerators and the study population alike have the same understanding of the assessment topics, and revised based on identified shortcomings. This also includes translation of the study tools into Somali language where necessary.
Presentation of Survey Findings
The consultant will be responsible for writing and presenting the study findings to both field and Nairobi based teams working closely with STREAM consortium secretariat. The consultant will be expected to make a presentation of the methodology and finding in plenary sessions organized by the M&E coordinator.
- Initial work plan and proposal for study and presentation to consortium members on the study methodology and process of data collection.
- Inception Report to be reviewed and validated by STREAM consortium secretariat: includes initial work plan and detailed methodology, analysis plan, report outlines of final products, each assessment sector survey tools, process of data collection, analysis as well as final set of data-collection tools and the revised budget if needed.
- Presentation on the main findings of the study at Nairobi and field level involving project teams, community representatives and local authorities.
- Produce a case study based on the findings (video and/or text)
- Final report (three hard copies and a soft copy on CD ROM) in English not exceeding a length of consortium specified pages.
- Summary version of the final report to be shared with project communities.
- Raw data summaries and data sets used.
The study shall be completed within a period of 30 days. The final report is expected to be finalized by the end of March 2019. This research is part of key result areas of the consortium hence timelines agreed between STREAM and the firm are strictly to be adhered to.
POSSIBLE FIELD WORK:
The consultancy is expected to commence within February 2019. The consultant will prepare a study work plan/schedule to operationalize and direct the study for the stipulated period of consultancy assignment. The work plan will describe how the study will be carried out, bringing refinements, strategy, specificity and elaboration to the terms of reference.
Consultant will need to provide his/her own travel insurance and the same will be applicable to personnel independently deployed for data collection.
MANAGEMENT AND COORDINATION
The consultant will report to the MEAL focal point of the Consortium and will work closely with Consortium Secretariat and the implementing partners.
Qualifications of the Team Leader
· Master’s degree in community development, planning, research, monitoring or social sciences and other areas relevant to the assignment.
· At least 10 years of relevant professional work in social research or related studies with specific reference to profiling of sequential shocks in a volatile environment.
· Experience working and collaborating with diverse sets of stakeholders, such as local NGOs, government officials, donor representatives, local and international staff.
· Thorough knowledge and understanding of livelihood programming approaches and its linkages.
· Extensive experience in working with INGOs and local NGOs, local authorities and beneficiaries.
· Demonstrated analytical and writing skills.
· Previous work experience in Lower Juba, Somalia.
· Excellent knowledge of English with supportive Somali speaking capabilities.
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS
All documentation related to the assignment shall remain the sole and exclusive property of the STREAM Consortium.
Applications should be submitted firstname.lastname@example.org the subject line**: “STREAM Resilience Study”** not later than30thJanuary 2019.** The selection committee consisting of Project staff will review all applications as they arrive. All applicants must meet the minimum requirements described. The application must have one-page cover letter; Technical proposal and proposed comprehensive budget for the whole assignment. The application package should include the following:
· A one-page application letter addressing:
• The lead consultant’s previous experience and how it is relevant to the proposed assignment.
• The names, expertise, years of experience and relevance of team members in undertaking this assignment.
· A comprehensive proposal. Showing the firms understanding of the Terms of reference.
· Updated CVs for all consultants of the bidding firm including relevant work, number of days required, specific roles, experience and qualifications.
· An explanation or a chart of showing how the team will be organized and an estimate number of days for each team member and the team leader.
· Detailed comprehensive budget. Covering all assessment costs i.e. Total number of days verses individual man-days, per diem, flight tickets, assessment training costs, transportation & accommodation costs; visa fees e.t.c. The consortium will not cater for any costs or be liable for other additional costs due to other factors.
· Samples of recently written reports on similar assignments. Individual sector assignment reports can also be submitted in lieu of the above i.e. reports on conflict dynamics, markets, FSL e.t.c.
· An updated company profile detailing the composition, management and areas pf expertise.
· Contact details for three references the consortium can contact.
Applications not including all of the above information will not be reviewed.Adeso is an equal opportunity employer.