Within the cross-cutting fi eld of food security analysis there are increasingly strong calls for improved analysis. These
include: the greater comparability of results from one place to another, increased rigour, greater transparency
of evidence to support fi ndings, increased relevance to strategic decision making, and stronger linkages between
information and action. Improving analysis along these lines would enable food security and humanitarian interventions
to be more needs-based, strategic, and timely.
Central to meeting these challenges is the development of a classifi cation system that is generic enough to be utilized
in a vast array of food security situations, disaster types, and livelihood systems; simple enough to be practical in the
fi eld and understood by multiple stakeholders; and rigorous enough to meet international standards.
Since February 2004, the Food Security Analysis Unit for Somalia (FSAU1
) has been using and progressively developing
a tool to meet these challenges called the Integrated Food Security Phase Classifi cation (IPC2
). Drawing from
extensive literature on international humanitarian guidelines, aspects of existing classifi cation systems, and in situ
analysis of food security in Somalia, the IPC has consistently proven to improve analysis and enable more effective
Since the original release of the IPC manual in 2006, many countries in Africa, Asia, and Central America have
introduced the IPC for improved food security analysis. Based on these fi eld experiences, and wider technical
consultations among governments, UN agencies, donors, NGOs, and academic agencies, this revised IPC Manual
Version 1.1 introduces key structural changes and provides clarifi cation on select issues. See the foreword of this
Version 1.1 for a summary of these revisions and clarifi cations.
The IPC is a set of protocols for consolidating and summarizing Situation Analysis, a distinct, yet often overlooked
(or assumed) stage of the food security analysis-response continuum. Situation Analysis is a foundation stage where
the fundamental aspects (severity, causes, magnitude, etc.) of a situation are identifi ed. These aspects have received
an optimal broad-based consensus from key stakeholders including governments, UN agencies and NGOs, donors,
the media, and target communities.
See the link below to access the full article.
- Food Security ManualDownload.